Foot & Ankle
Common Foot Problems
Anatomically the foot is divided into the forefoot, mid foot and hind foot. The Forefoot has 4 small toes called phalanges and 1 large toe called the hallux or big toe. Phalanges have 3 bones and 3 joints, while the big toe has 2 bones and 2 joints. The mid foot and hind foot have different structures, which are responsible for bearing body weight and performing activities such as walking and running.
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A bunion, also called a hallux valgus, is an enlargement of bone or soft tissues around the joint at the base of the big toe that results in the formation of a bump. The bone that joins the big toe with the first metatarsal bone thickens and enlarges, tightening the tendons, which in turn causes the base of the big toe to angle out resulting in a painful bony deformity.
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Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure in which an arthroscope, a small, soft, flexible tube with a light and video camera at the end, is inserted into the ankle joint to evaluate and treat a variety of conditions.
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Total Ankle Joint Replacement
The ankle joint connects the leg with the foot and provides free movement to the foot. It is formed by connecting the bones of the lower leg, tibia and fibula, with the talus, or ankle bone.
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Lateral Ankle Stabilizing Procedure
Ankle instability surgery is performed to treat an unstable ankle and involves the repair or replacement of a torn or stretched ligament.
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Flat foot Reconstructive Procedure
Foot reconstruction is a surgery performed to correct the structures of the foot and restore the natural functionality of the foot that has been lost due to injury or illness. Ideally, any foot surgery for reconstruction is done to improve the appearance and function of the foot so that patients can maintain their quality of life.
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Reconstructive Ankle Surgery
A sprain is stretching or tearing of a ligament. Ligaments connect adjacent bones in a joint and provide stability to the joint.
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Fractures Repair, Foot & Ankle
A bone fracture is a medical condition in which a bone is cracked or broken. It is a break in the continuity of the bone. While many fractures are the result of high force impact or stress, bone fracture can also occur as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis.
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Hammer Toe Surgery
A hammertoe is a deformity of a lesser toe (second through fifth toes), where the toe gets bent upward at the toe’s middle joint, resembling a hammer. The bent portion may rub against a shoe causing pain, irritation and development of corns. It is caused by wearing shoes that are too tight or narrow near the toes, when the second toe is larger than the first, and as a complication of arthritis and certain neuromuscular conditions.
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Achilles Tendinitis and Repair
The Achilles tendon is the longest tendon in the body, joining the calf muscles with the heel bone. It appears as a band of tissue at the back of your ankle and above your heel. Achilles tendinitis refers to inflammation of this tendon.
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Minimal Incision Surgery
Minimally Invasive Foot Surgery (MIFS) uses the latest advanced technology to treat foot and ankle pain caused by a variety of conditions. Special surgical instruments, devices and advanced imaging techniques are used to visualize and perform the surgery through small incisions. The aim of MIFS is to minimize damage to the muscles and surrounding structures enabling faster recovery and less pain.
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Nail excision is a simple procedure that involves the removal of a broken or infected nail. The treatment aims at restoring the normal anatomy of the nail and the surrounding structures. The procedure is indicated for severe nail injuries and ingrown toenails (nail growing into the skin of the toe). Nail excision is performed under local anesthesia.
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Laser surgery uses laser beams, high intensity light of a specific wavelength that can be focused into a narrow beam, to treat or correct various conditions and abnormalities. They allow surgeons to work very precisely as the beam of light can be focused onto a specific point, causing less damage to surrounding tissues. Laser surgery is performed to treat various foot and ankle conditions
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